Home Education BA / B.Sc Geography (Elective) Syllabus Sargodha University 2019

BA / B.Sc Geography (Elective) Syllabus Sargodha University 2019

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Geography (Elective) Paper Marks Paper-A: Physical Geography; 70 Paper-B: Human & Regional Geography; 70 Paper-C: Map Work and Practical; 60 Total Marks: 200 The Distribution of marks for the Map Work and Practical Exam shall be as follow.

Paper Marks
Paper-A: Physical Geography; 70
Paper-B: Human & Regional Geography; 70
Paper-C: Map Work and Practical; 60
Total Marks: 200

The Distribution of marks for the Map Work and Practical Exam shall be as follow.

Lab Work 15
Field Surveying 10
Field Report 10
Record of Map work 10
Viva Voce 10

Examination in Lab Work, Field Survey and Field Report shall be conducted during the Practical Examination by the same Examiners.

Note:- A minimum of sixty practicals of 3 hours each shall be required in two years.(30 practicals each year). Map Work & Practical Examination will spread over two days.

DETAILS OF COURSES

PAPER-A PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

Contents

The Earth and its origin

The universe: the solar system and the Earth. Earth’s Origin, shape and size, rotation and revolution, composition and structure, distribution of land and water.

Introduction to Geological time scale.

Atmosphere

Composition and structure of atmosphere, atmospheric temperature and pressure, winds and global circulation air masses and fronts (classification, distribution and associated weather), cyclones and weather disturbance. Hydrological Cycle, atmospheric moisture and precipitation, climatic classification: Koppen’s classification with special reference to the following types: Af, Am, Bsh, Csa and DF. Atmospheric pollution.

Lithosphere

Internal structure of the Earth, Rocks- origin, formation and types (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic), plate tectonics, mountain building , geomorphic processes – internal and external, earthquakes, volcanic activity, weathering , mass wasting, erosion and deposition, cycle of erosion; landforms produced by surface water, ground water, wind and glaciers.

Hydrosphere

Configuration of ocean floor, ocean deposits, composition, temperature, and salinity of ocean water, movements of the ocean water; waves, currents and tides.

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